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Brief Introduction Of 7 Different Tone Woods For Acoustic Guitars
Nov 06, 2018

By Jeff Owens

You see it all the time when shopping for an acoustic guitar: Sitka spruce top, mahogany back and sides, rosewood bridge, this wood, that wood, another wood. All very impressive, but what does it mean? Most of us aren’t wood experts, so what exactly do different woods have to do with the sound of an acoustic guitar?

A great deal, actually. The woods used to build guitars—acoustic guitars in particular—are called tonewoods, and they have enormous effects on the sound and price of an instrument. Various woods have distinct sound qualities, especially when used for the top of an acoustic guitar, which is the most important wooden tonal element of the instrument.

You’re not going to be tested, but here are the ABCs of tonewoods—various woods and the sound qualities they’re noted for:

Mahogany

 Mahogany
As a guitar top, dense mahogany has a solid, punchy tone with low overtone content and good high-end response. Mahogany back and sides often emphasize bass and treble, with more overtone coloration and a “woody” sound (as opposed to the more metallic sound of, say, rosewood back and sides).

 SMIGER Solid Mahogany Ukulele SS1

SS1 tenor uke

SMIGER Mahogany Travel Acoustic guitar

36Inch Mahogany Body Acoustic Guitar  SM-362 商城主图

Maple

 maple
A heavier, flat-sounding and often beautiful wood of which there are several species, maple is used in acoustic guitars because of its sonically “transparent” qualities, which let the tonal character of the top ring through without significant tone coloration from the back and sides.


Sitka Spruce

 spruce
One of the most popular woods for acoustic guitar tops. Sturdy and lightweight, it’s known for imparting clear, powerful tone.

Red Spruce

 red spruce
Highly desirable for steel-string acoustic tops because of its rich, full, clear and loud tonal quality.

Brazilian Rosewood

 baxi rosewood
Strong and clear at the low end, rich and sparkly at the top end, with a reverberant quality.

Indian Rosewood

 印度rosewood
Very similar to the Brazilian variety, but with thicker, more midrange-y tonality.

All fingerboard of SMIGER guitars are made of India Rosewood!

Koa

 koa
A dense hardwood that, when used for guitar tops, produces solid tone, particularly at the high end, with pronounced midrange-y quality. Used for back and sides, koa’s tonality resembles mahogany.

 SMIGER KOA BODY CONCERT UKULELE SS6

Solid Koa Concert Ukulele (3)

Source:https://www.fender.com/articles/gear/how-7-different-woods-affect-your-acoustic-sound



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